“CYsyphus” – The Cyber Security Recommendations Project
Research · 18. February 2021
"CYsyphus" (pronounced SIGH-si-fis) is a decision-support tool, that provides users with an easy-to-search online database on existing cyber reports and recommendations. CYsyphus facilitates the discovery of past wisdom to avoid repetition and enable leapfrogging to new insights and recommendations in support of policy makers, congressional staffers, journalists and students.

State vs Non-State Intelligence – Structures, Activities and Effects
Research · 28. December 2020
Addressing interactions and limitations, this article compares structural and activity-related differences between intelligence organizations of states and violent non-state actors (VNSA) and seeks to provide explanations and effects of the distinct setup.

The Receptivity Problem – Why decision makers ignore their intelligence
Research · 27. December 2020
The First Battle of Bull Run in the American Civil War (1861), the Battle of Tannenberg in World War I (1914), the Battle of Midway in the Pacific War (1942), the Inchon Landing on the Korean peninsula (1950) or the Six-Day War around Israel (1967) – these are a few of the numerous examples where undoubted, heard and understood intelligence played a decisive role in violent conflicts. This article explains key factors to improve intelligence receptivity.

Human Rights v. Surveillance:  Legal Advocacy against the 2016 German Foreign Intelligence Reform
Research · 22. December 2020
The case of the 2016 German Foreign Intelligence Reform and the following constitutional complaint show one of these rare examples of well-aligned legal advocacy in a field where Human Rights’ defenders are usually bound by the intelligence agencies’ good will to cooperate. After a brief introduction to the field of Human Rights and intelligence, the article focuses on the lawsuit against the 2016 reform, provides an analysis of the advocacy strategy and closes with lessons learned.

"POLassist" - Increasing Situational Awareness in Dense Urban Areas | Hacking4Defense @ Columbia
Research · 14. December 2020
All-source intelligence analysts need improved modeling, analytic tools, and data visualization in order to understand dense urban areas and enhance situational awareness more effectively. POLassist helps you understand location data in an urban areas to improve situational awareness and response allocation. The POLassist prototype was developed as part of "Hacking4Defense" at Columbia University in the City of New York, 2020.

Tor Technology: The Onion Router’s Offensive and Defensive Use in the Ambiguous International Context
Research · 03. December 2020
Throughout the years, the skyrocketing need for privacy developed into a race between those who sought for anonymity and those who have a profound interest to see through the privacy barriers. One famous instrument in the privacy toolbox is the decentralized, layered encryption approach of the “The Onion Router”, widely known as “Tor”.

GameOver ZeuS: Cat-and-mouse in the buccaneering cyber-century
Opinion · 30. November 2020
Describing the problems of cyber-buccaneering, this article uses the example of the famous, Russia-backed GameOver ZeuS botnet (GOZ) to explain the concept of a botnet and the GameOver ZeuS specific attack vector before elaborating on the cat-and-mouse game of successful takedowns and ineffective cybercrime persecution.

Policy Briefing · 27. October 2020
In 2015 the German Bundestag was attack - most certainly by a Russian hacking group. A combination of social engineering and trojan malware opened the door and allowed attackers to extract official documents of members of parliament, their parliamentary groups as well as the parliament’s administration. All of this, unrecognized – possibly over weeks. This article shows why the pain is not not gone and likely to return.

Research · 29. September 2020
The File Transfer Protocol, widely know as FTP, serves a prime example of one of the oldest Internet protocols that have initially been designed for smaller-scale purposes, therefore posed major security risks, and have eventually been developed further to account for the unforeseeable scale that the Internet is nowadays working on.

Research · 08. September 2020
The network shows Neonazi communication on a recently leaked Discord server. Initially design to facilite online gaming, the communication infrastructure has been corrupted to share fascist ideology. Guilds in Discord represent an isolated collection of users and channels, and are often referred to as "servers". Users can participate in several guilds and communicate within channels by exchanging messages.

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